The structure of the argumentative essay

To compose an argumentative text, one must first position one’s arguments in relation to the thesis to be defended. Otherwise, the reader will not be able to detect the coherence between the thesis and the content of the text. At the end of its reading, the reader must be able to determine the point of view valued by the author without hesitation.

How to prepare the writing of an argumentative text?

  1. Understand the task before you start writing the text. Before preparing the plan, take the time to think about the question asked, the one from which you will have to position yourself clearly. Understanding this issue will have a significant impact on the quality of the text.
  2. Make a list of all the arguments you can make on the subject, taking care to include counter-arguments that could help the refutation, a very effective procedure to convince.
  3. Improve your argument list by documenting yourself. Read reference texts and become familiar with all aspects of the subject.
  4. Decide on the most important arguments around which you mainly want to build your point of view and formulate your thesis (your clear statement). Make sure the arguments are fully consistent with this thesis.
  5. Categorize the chosen arguments into 2 or 3 aspects that will make up the 2 or 3 paragraphs of the development.
  6. Write a brief and precise plan consisting mainly of the thesis, arguments and concrete evidence that will serve to demonstrate their strength.
  7. Choose the attitude you want to adopt in relation to the subject before starting the writing. Will you be a distant author? Will you be a committed author? This decision will have a significant impact on the tone and words you will use.
  8. Start writing your text, making sure you respect the main principles of textual coherence.
  9. Help the textual organizers to link up the main parts of the text and clarify the logical progression of your remarks.
  10. Use relationship markers to make good connections between the elements of the same sentence or between sentences.

Plan of an argumentative text


  1. Subject brought
  2. Suj and posed
  3. Thesis
  4. Split subject

Development (often consisting of two or three paragraphs)

  1. Formulation of the argument (presentation)
  2. Explanation of the argument
  3. Basis (fact, statistical, value, etc.)
  4. Partial conclusion


  1. Reminder of the thesis and the arguments (synthesis)
  2. Open